Luis Alberto Hernández Burciaga
Mundo Nano. Revista Interdisciplinaria en Nanociencias y Nanotecnología
Vol. 6. No. 10. México, 2013. pp. 63-85.
To highlight are those focused on cancer, HIV-AIDS, diabetes, osteoarthritis, degenerative diseases, and cardiovascular and nervous disorders. This paper deals with nanoapplications for brain cancer. It starts with a brief introduction about current state of research and development of nanotechnology and its medical applications, particularly from an economic perspective. It then briefly presents cancer and brain cancer diseases, current challenges of diagnosis and treatment and nanotechnology potential to solve them. After a review of more than three thousand papers registered in PubMed database (from 2000 to 2013), an analysis of the progress of nanorelated research in cancer is offered. It includes a general description of types of cancers, including brain cancer, and nanostructures currently being studied. Finally, a reflection on potential risks associated with direct exposure to nanomaterials, as well as on social and ethical implications of the progress of nanomedicine is presented. By outlining a normative model of an integrated management and distribution of risk, we argue the relevance of democratically and responsibly promoting and regulating nanotechnology in general and nanomedicine in particular; all with the purpose of minimizing eventual costs and unnecessary risks.
Keywords: nanomedicine, brain cancer, social aspects, ethical regulation.